Chapter 16 Objectives
Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System (pp. 478-482)
Discuss the common purpose of the reproductive system organs.
When provided with a model or diagram, identify the organs of the male reproductive system and discuss the general function of each.
Name the endocrine and exocrine products of the testes.
Discuss the composition of semen and name the glands that produce it.
Trace the pathway followed by a sperm from the testis to the body exterior.
Define erection, ejaculation, and circumcision.
Male Reproductive Functions (pp. 482-485)
Define meiosis and spermatogenesis.
Describe the structure of a sperm and relate its structure to its function.
Describe the effect of FSH and LH on testis functioning.
Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System (pp. 485-488)
When provided with an appropriate model or diagram, identify the organs of the female reproductive system and discuss the general function of each.
Describe the functions of the vesicular follicle and corpus luteum of the ovary.
Define endometrium, myometrium, and ovulation.
Explain the location of the following regions of the female uterus: cervix, fundus, body.
Female Reproductive Functions and Cycles (pp. 488-494)
Describe the influence of FSH and LH on ovarian function.
Describe the phases and controls of the menstrual cycle.
Mammary Glands (pp. 494-495)
Describe the structure and function of the mammary glands.
Survey of Pregnancy and Embryonic Development (pp. 495-504)
Define fertilization and zygote.
Distinguish between an embryo and a fetus.
List the major functions of the placenta.
Indicate several ways that pregnancy alters or modifies the functioning of the mother's body.
Describe how labor is initiated and briefly discuss the three stages of labor.
List several agents that can interfere with normal fetal development.
Developmental Aspects of the Reproductive System (pp. 504-507)
Describe the importance of the presence/absence of testosterone during embryonic development of the reproductive system organs.
Define menarche and menopause.
List common reproductive system problems seen in adult and aging males and females.
Subject: Outline Framework
Chapter 16 - The Reproductive System
ANATOMY OF THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (pp. 478-482)
Testes (p. 479)
Exocrine Function (Sperm Production)
Endocrine Function (Testosterone Production)
Duct System (pp. 479-480)
Accessory Glands and Semen (pp. 480-481)
External Genitalia (pp. 481-482)
MALE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS (pp. 482-485)
Spermatogenesis (pp. 482-483)
Testosterone Production (pp. 484-485)
ANATOMY OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (pp. 485-488)
Ovaries (pp. 485-486)
Exocrine Function (Sex Cell Production)
Endocrine Function (Hormone Production)
Duct System (pp. 486-487)
Uterine (Fallopian) Tubes
External Genitalia (p. 488)
Labia Majora and Minora
Urethral and Vaginal Openings
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS AND CYCLES (pp. 488-494)
Oogenesis and the Ovarian Cycle (pp. 488-491)
Menstrual Cycle (pp. 491-492)
Hormone Production by the Ovaries (pp. 492-494)
MAMMARY GLANDS (pp. 494-495)
SURVEY OF PREGNANCY AND EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT (pp. 495-504)
Accomplishing Fertilization (pp. 495-496)
Events of Embryonic and Fetal Development (pp. 496-499)
Effects of Pregnancy on the Mother (pp. 499-500)
Childbirth (pp. 500-504)
Initiation of Labor
Stages of Labor
Stage 1: Dilation Stage
Stage 2: Expulsion Stage
Stage 3: Placental Stage
DEVELOPMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (pp. 504-507)
Subject: Terms: Male RS (478~485)
Male Reproductive System
primary sex organs = gonads
accessory reproductive organs
ductus deferens = vas deferens
spongy (penile) urethra
prepuce = foreskin
secondary sex characteristics
Subject: Female Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
vesicular (Graafian) follicle
uterine (fallopian) tubes
pelvic inflammatory disease
vagina = birth canal
greater vestibular glands
menses (days 1~5)
proliferative state (days 6~14)
secretory stage (days 15~28)
Subject: Terms: Pregnancy (495~507)
Pregnancy and Development
early cleavage (4-cell stage)
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
inner cell mass
primary germ layers
Subject: Vocabulary Games and Drills
Quia! Site: flash cards, games, drills, and simulations to help you learn vocabulary terms, prefixes, suffixes, etc.
There are 35 different games to help you practice terms
anatomic directions and body positions
blood and immunity
body cavities and body regions
cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
cells, tissues and organs
suffixes and plural endings
The Visible Embryo
Welcome to the Visible Embryo, a comprehensive resource of information on human development from conception to birth, designed for both medical student and interested lay people.
The Visible Embryo offers a detailed pictorial account of normal and abnormal development.
Embryo Study Guides
A basic embryology review program from the University of Pennsylvania Health System
Follows the development of the human embryo from fertilization through development and birth. Step~by~step diagrams are explained. It also has movies depicting embryo development.
Anatomy and Physiology for High School
An Anatomy and Physiology site aimed at high school students. Click on the appropriate organ system for hyperlinked text and animations. This site is very easy to understand and use.
Anatomy and Physiology Home Page
An online class/tutorial on anatomy and physiology from Springfield Technical Community College
Scroll Down and click on the appropriate unit
Good text explantions and diagrams
General Biology II at the University of Cinncinnatti
The BUGLADY Site
Go to ClassNotes and then to the appropriate unit.
A simple and clear introduction to tissues and organ systems