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Chapter 5: Skeletal System
Anatomy & Physiology
Marymount High School

a journey into the inner workings of the human body!


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Teacher:
Judith S. de Nuño

jdenuno@mhs-la.org

WebSites

http://members.home.net/jdenuno

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Daily at Lunch in the

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AIM: teachsci23

Objectives Outline Terms WebLinks Search
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Chapter 5 Objectives

  • Bones: An Overview (pp. 112-120)
  • Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular.
  • List at least three functions of the skeletal system.
  • Name the four main kinds of bones.
  • Identify the major anatomical areas of a long bone.
  • Explain the role of bone salts and the organic matrix in making bone both hard and flexible.
  • Describe briefly the process of bone formation in the fetus and summarize the events of bone remodeling throughout life.
  • Name and describe the various types of fractures.
  • Axial Skeleton (pp. 120-132)
  • On a skull or diagram, identify and name the bones of the skull.
  • Describe how the skull of a newborn infant (or fetus) differs from that of an adult, and explain the function of fontanels.
  • Name the parts of a typical vertebra and explain in general how the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae differ from one another.
  • Discuss the importance of the intervertebral discs and spinal curvatures.
  • Explain how the abnormal spinal curvatures (scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis) differ from one another.
  • Appendicular Skeleton (pp. 132-139)
  • Identify on a skeleton or diagram the bones of the shoulder and pelvic girdles and their attached limbs.
  • Describe important differences between a male and female pelvis.
  • Joints (pp. 142-146)
  • Name the three major categories of joints and compare the amount of movement allowed by each. Developmental Aspects of the Skeleton (pp. 147-149)
  • Identify some of the causes of bone and joint problems throughout life.

Chapter 5 Outline Framework

  • BONES: AN OVERVIEW (pp. 112-120)
  • Functions of the Bones (pp. 112-113)
    • Support
    • Protection
    • Movement
    • Storage
    • Blood Cell Formation
  • Classification of Bones (p. 113)
    • Compact Bone
    • Spongy Bone
  • Structure of a Long Bone (pp. 114-117)
    • Gross Anatomy
    • Microscopic Anatomy
  • Bone Formation, Growth, and Remodeling (pp. 117-118)
  • Bone Fractures (pp. 118-120)
  • AXIAL SKELETON (pp. 120-132)
    • Skull (pp. 120-126)
      • Cranium
      • Frontal Bone
      • Parietal Bones
      • Temporal Bones
      • External Auditory Meatus
      • Styloid Process
      • Zygomatic Process
      • Mastoid Process
      • Jugular Foramen
      • Occipital Bone
      • Sphenoid Bone
      • Ethmoid Bone
      • Facial Bones
      • Maxillae
      • alatine Bones
      • Zygomatic Bones
      • Lacrimal Bones
      • Nasal Bones
      • Vomer Bone
      • Inferior Conchae
      • Mandible
      • The Hyoid Bone
      • Fetal Skull
    • Vertebral Column (Spine) (pp. 126-132)
      • Cervical Vertebrae
      • Thoracic Vertebrae
      • Lumbar Vertebrae
      • Sacrum
      • Coccyx
    • Bony Thorax (p. 132)
      • Sternum
      • Ribs
        • True Ribs
        • False Ribs
        • Floating Ribs
  • APPENDICULAR SKELETON (pp. 132-139)
    • Bones of the Shoulder Girdle (pp. 132-135)
      • Clavical (Collarbones)
      • Scapulae (Shoulder Blades)
    • Bones of the Upper Limbs (pp. 135-136)
      • Arm
        • Humerus
      • Forearm
        • Radius
        • Ulna
      • Hand
        • Carpals
        • Metacarpals
        • Phalanges
    • Bones of the Pelvic Girdle (pp. 136-137)
      • Coxal Bones (Hip Bones)
        • lium I
        • schium
        • Pubis
    • Bones of the Lower Limbs (pp. 138-142)
      • Thigh
        • Femur
      • Leg
        • Tibia
        • Fibula
      • Foot
        • Tarsals
        • Metatarsals
        • Phalanges
  • JOINTS (pp. 143-146)
    • Fibrous Joints (p. 143)
    • Cartilaginous Joints (p. 143)
    • Synovial Joints (pp. 143-144)
    • Plane Joint
    • Hinge Joint
    • Pivot Joint
    • Condyloid Joint
    • Saddle Joint
    • Ball-and-Socket Joint
    • Inflammatory Disorders of Joints (pp. 144-146)
  • DEVELOPMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE SKELETON (pp. 147-149)

 

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Chapter 5 Terms: (bone basics axial skeleton limbs)

Bone Basics (pp. 112~120)

  • compact bone
  • spongy bone
  • long bones
  • short bones
  • flat bones
  • irregular bones
  • diaphysis
  • periosteum
  • epiphyses
  • articular cartilage
  • epiphyseal line
  • epiphyseal plate
  • yellow marrow (medullary) cavity
  • red marrow
  • bone markings
  • tuberosity
  • crest
  • trochanter
  • line
  • tubercle
  • epicondyle
  • spine
  • head
  • facet
  • condyle
  • ramus
  • meatus
  • sinus
  • fossa
  • groove
  • fissure
  • foramen
  • microscopic anatomy
  • osteocytes
  • lacunae
  • lamellae
  • central (Haversian) canals
  • Haversian system
  • canaliculi
  • perforating (Volkman/s) canals
  • ossification
  • osteoblasts
  • osteoclasts
  • osteocytes
  • fractures
  • closed reduction
  • open reduction
  • hematoma
  • fibrocargilage
  • callus
  • simple
  • compound
  • comminuted
  • compression
  • depressed
  • impacted
  • spiral
  • greenstick

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Axial Skeleton

  • Skull (cranium)
  • frontal bone
  • parietal bones
  • temporal bones
  • external auditory meatus
  • styloid process
  • zygomatic process
  • mastoid process
  • jugular foramen
  • carotid canal
  • occipital bone
  • suture
  • foramen magnum
  • occipital condyles
  • sphenoid bone
  • sella turcica
  • foramen ovale
  • ethmoid bone
  • facial bones
  • maxillae
  • maxillary bones
  • palatine processes
  • paranasal sinuses
  • palatine bones
  • cleft palate
  • zygomatic bones
  • lacrimal bones
  • nasal bones
  • vomer bone
  • inferior conchae
  • mandible
  • hyoid bone
  • fetal skull
  • fontanels
  • Vertebral Column (Spine)
  • vertebrae
  • intervertebral discs
  • primary curvatures
  • secondary curvatures
  • body (centrum)
  • vertebral arch
  • vertebral foramen
  • transverse processes
  • spinous process
  • superior and inferior articular processes
  • cervical vertebrae
  • atlas
  • axis
  • odontoid process (dens)
  • thoracic vertebrae
  • lumbar vertebrae
  • sacrum
  • alae
  • median sacral crest
  • sacral canal
  • coccyx
  • bony thorax
  • sternum
  • manubrium
  • body
  • xiphoid process
  • ribs
  • true ribs
  • false ribs
  • floating ribs

Limbs

  • Appendicular Skeleton pp. 132~149
  • shoulder girdle (pectoral girdle)
  • clavicle
  • scapula (scapulae)
  • acromion
  • coracoid process
  • glenoid cavity
  • arm
  • humerus
  • greater tubercle
  • lesser tubercle
  • deltoid tuberosity
  • trochlea
  • capitulum
  • coronoid fossa
  • olecranon fossa
  • radius
  • radial tuberosity
  • ulna
  • coronoid fossa
  • olecranon process
  • trochlear notch
  • carpal bones
  • carpus
  • metacarpals
  • phalanges
  • pelvic girdle
  • coxal bones (ossa coxae)
  • illium
  • sacroiliac joint
  • iliac crest
  • anterior superior spine
  • posterior superior spine
  • ischium
  • ischial tuberosity
  • ischial spine
  • sciatic notch
  • pubis
  • obturator foramen
  • symphysis
  • acetabulum
  • false pelvis
  • true pelvis
  • leg
  • femur
  • greater trochanter
  • lesser trochanter
  • nterotrochanteric crest
  • gluteal tuberosity
  • tibial tuberosity
  • medial malleolus
  • anterior crest fibula
  • lateral malleolus
  • tarsus t
  • arsal bones
  • calcaneus
  • talus
  • metatarsals
  • phalanges
  • joints
  • articulations
  • ynarthroses
  • amphiarthroses
  • diarthroses
  • fibrous joints
  • syndesmoses
  • cartilaginous joints
  • synovial joints
  • articular cartilage
  • fibrous articular capsule
  • joint cavity
  • reinforcing ligaments
  • osteoarthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • gouty arthritis (gout)
  • osteoporosis
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Chapter 1 WebLinks

  • The Virtual Hospital
  • http://www.vh.org/
  • The Virtual Hospital is a digital health sciences library created in 1992 at the University of Iowa to help meet the information needs of health care providers and patients. The goal of the Virtual Hospital digital library is to make the Internet a useful medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients.
  • The Virtual Hospital contains over 350 peer-reviewed books and booklets from 160 authors in 29 departments and 4 colleges on The University of Iowa campus.