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Chapter 18: Thermodynamics
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Judith S. de Nuño
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Chapter Objectives:

  • Describe the concept of absolute zero.
  • State the fist law of thermodynamics and relate it to energy conservation.
  • Describe adiabatic processes and cite examples.
  • State the second law of thermodynamics.
  • Define the ideal efficiency of a heat engine in terms of input and output temperatures.
  • Explain how order tends to disorder.
  • Define entropy and give examples.

Chapter Terms:

  • thermodynamics
  • absolute zero
  • internal energy
  • first law of thermodynamics
  • adiabatic process
  • temperature inversion
  • second law of thermodynamics
  • heat engine
  • entropy

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Chapter Outline Framework:

  • Absolute Zero
  • Internal Energy
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Adiabatic Processes
  • Meterology and the First Law
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics
    • heat engines
  • Order Tends to Disorder
  • Entropy

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